A Model of Homeschooling Based on Technology in Malaysia
Homeschooling in Malaysia is a form of alternative education that emphasizes quality education based on moral values and belief in strengthening family ties. The purpose of this study is to produce a model of homeschooling technologybased learning activities in Malaysia as a guideline to improve the quality of education, curriculum and organize the delivery of learning content and teaching for homeschooling children. This study used the Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) process to develop a model and map the relationship between the elements involved in the homeschooling model-based learning and teaching technology. This study dismantled a complex system into several sub-systems using practical experience and knowledge of the conduct of homeschooling by parents in Malaysia. A group of eight experts have reached consensus on seven elements of technology based activities in homeschooling teaching and learning practice, namely: The Social Networking Sites; Online Materials Development; access information via the Internet; M-Learning: Interactive Video Games, Digital stories and the Web Site (Web-Portal). The findings provide guidelines for homeschooling parents to plan teaching and learning activities based on priorities.